short essay on spain

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Short essay on spain million dollar baby essay free

Short essay on spain

Britain sent troops to defend the peninsula, since it was so weak. Most of the Spanish Empire became independent in the following decades. There was not much peace in Spain during the first part of the 20th century. Some Spaniards tried to set up a government chosen by the people a democracy , and they made Alfonso XIII leave the country. However, in , two different groups of Spaniards went to war over whether the government should be a democracy, in the Spanish Civil War although those on the side of the Republic were largely socialist or anarchist , or take orders from one person.

In , those who wanted democracy were defeated, and a nationalist dictator named Francisco Franco took over the government. Francisco Franco died on 20 November On 23 February a group of people who had supported the now dead General Franco tried to take control of the democratic Spanish Parliament by force, they entered the building and fired guns in the air.

It was seen live on Spanish television and there was widespread fear that this might be the start of another civil war. However, Juan Carlos I, quickly appeared on television and broadcast to the nation that they should remain calm.

The persons responsible for the attempt to take over the country were arrested. Now Spain is a modern democratic country, and does business with many countries around the world. It is the eighth largest economy in the world and is an important part of the European Union.

He and his wife kept their titles. Ancient religions in Spain were mostly pagan. Today, however, at least 68 percent of Spain is Roman Catholic. The middle of Spain is a high, dry, flat land called La Meseta. In La Meseta it can be very hot in the summer and cold or very cold in the winter. Spain also has many mountain ranges. The Mount Teide Tenerife , Canary Islands , the highest mountain of Spain and the islands of the Atlantic it is the third largest volcano in the world from its base.

Here it is very cold in winter with a lot of snow but with gentle warm summers. This range of mountains contains the highest mountain in mainland Spain, Mulacen, at metres. La Sierra Nevada is very popular in winter for winter sports , especially skiing. Snow remains on its peaks throughout the year. The south coast, has a warm and temperate climate , not very hot or very cold. Since Spain is in the south of Europe, it is very sunny.

Many people from Northern Europe take their vacations in Spain, enjoying its beaches and cities. Spain has a border with Portugal in the west and borders with France and Andorra in the North. In the south, it borders Gibraltar , a British territory. Spain is divided into Autonomous Communities, which means that they have their own regional governments. While Spanish is the most spoken language in the country, other languages like Catalan , Basque or Galician are also spoken in a few territories.

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Kingdom of Spain. Coat of arms. Motto: " Plus ultra " Latin "Further Beyond". Show globe. Show map of Europe. Spanish Spaniard. Main article: History of Spain. Archived PDF from the original on 24 September Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 14 April Migrations Statistics.

First half of " PDF in Spanish. Archived from the original on 28 June Retrieved 7 March United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Retrieved 2 June Retrieved 18 June Archived PDF from the original on 28 September Retrieved 13 October " PDF. The latter term is widely used by the government in national and international affairs of all kinds, including foreign treaties as well as national official documents, and is therefore recognised as the official name by many international organisations.

Aragonese , Asturian , and Occitan locally known as Aranese have some degree of official recognition. In the same month the number of citizens with Spanish citizenship reached 42,, The number of foreigners i. Also, the. Countries and territories of Europe. Territory or with territory geographically part of North America. Partially recognized. Not all dependent territories are listed. Territory has some form of self-rule.

Territory or with territory geographically part of Africa. The Mexican national team has competed in many of the world Cups, and has also hosted to two. Other popular sports in Mexico are Lucha libre or professional wrestling ,is is a strong tradition that goes back many decades. Men and women in Lucha Libre were bright colorful masks with eye holes some even were costumes decorated with shiny fabrics and feathers.

More sports include boxing,baseball and. Every Sunday the Stadium Parking lot is full of fans wearing red and a wide variety of tailgating feasts. The Cardinals have sold out every game since they opened the University of Phoenix Stadium in which is really an impressive accomplishment, having seen the paltry crowds that would show up at the concrete oven, otherwise known as Sun devil Stadium, in Tempe the Cardinals previous stadium. I have experienced both of these of these crowds and have to say the Arizona Cardinal fans are amongst the most hospitable, diehard fans in the National Football League.

Although extremely drunk people do show up for the games more often than not, much fewer fights are instigated, and more fights are diffused, by Cardinal fans. Through thick and thin the Cardinal fans have stuck with their team through the searing heat and have proven their loyalty year in and year. He is a positive leader to his teammates. He is a quarterback, he needs to pass the ball to the teammates to make a touchdown. He became the 3rd best quarterback from the Dallas Cowboys he is great.

It is interesting not to only know about his football life, also about his personal life. While both universities are great in a sport they do have some off seasons where their teams have. Football is one of the most amazing sports in the world, and they have had some of the best athletes and coaches in the program.

This shows that. I grew up watching the sport and knowing all of the best boxers. In the 80s I remembered the Cardinals led by Ozzie Smith and they were constantly a title contender. There were a lot of very popular baseball players at the time that Mcgwire played and he was definitely one of them. Spain is best known for flamenco dancing, Sangria, Bull fighting and its many fiestas.

It is the largest country is Southern Europe and is mostly a Roman Catholic country. With a population of over fifty million inhabitants, and seventeen communities each having its own government, it is a widely diverse country. Spain has beautiful coastlines and large multinational cities like Barcelona and Madrid, along with the more traditional Spanish towns and cities which still follow old fashioned traditions and cultures.

Home to two top football clubs this country loves it football and a wide variety of other sports are played here including Padel; a form of tennis with a hard racquet. Find out what is happening, go sit on a terrace and watch the festivities as they engulf the local cities and towns.

Smoking indoors is now not allowed, but on the terraces and outside there are a lot of people lighting up and there is very little you can do about it. If you want smoke-free, then you need to go indoors. Lighting in bathrooms is often on timers so make sure you know where this is before you start to do your business so you can press the timer switch again should you need.

Show More. Read More. Comparison Of Semana Santa Spread To Spain Words 4 Pages After both the Reconquista and the Inquisition, Catholicism spread throughout Spanish politics and culture, making it the most widespread religion in Spain with seventy to seventy-five percent of the population following it. Bo Jackson: An Epic Hero Words 2 Pages What makes him a hero is that he can perform major feats of strength, he traveled over vast distances, and he showed great amounts of humility.

Walter Payton's Ethic Role Model Words 3 Pages Walter Payton is an iconic role model to many people, and he has had an influence on others before his career and during it. Most Interesting Team In The NFL Words 4 Pages Football used to be a really bad spinoff of rugby, yet it has turned into the sport we see and love today, one people go to all the time.

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In terms of size, Spain is considered the 29th largest country and has a total population. At different times, the country has been ruled by the Romans, the Visigoths, and the Moors from North Africa. Later, the Spanish colonized the Americas and contributed greatly to the emergence of the New World especially through the impact of Spanish explorers such as Christopher Columbus.

The historical contacts left a lasting mark on this European nation especially in relation to culture. The Catalonia region is located on the border of Spain near Barcelona and is very different than the other regions. Such as Madrid, Catalonia has a different cultural heritage and language than Madrid, which is mainly why Catalonia wants to become independant.

Catalonia is the wealthiest, most different region in Spain and can already present itself as a region that. Also, Spain administers two small exclaves in Morocco—Ceuta and Melilla. The area of Spain, including the African and insular territories.

Spain has an outgoing, fun-loving sense of style within their citizens, but the Catalonia region has a hard working, business style in their community. Catalonia has a different cultural heritage and speaks different languages than Madrid, which is mainly why Catalonia wants to become independent. Catalonia is the wealthiest, most different region in Spain and can already present itself.

When I say offer, I mean what they could take and run with without consequence. Essay About Spain. Page 1 of 50 - About essays. Increased individualism is having its effect, however, as families become less close, family size decreases and a respect for personal preference decreases the frequency of people working for their family businesses Spain - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette Continue Reading.

Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, resides inland northwest off the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, and Portugal Continue Reading. But that feeling increased in Continue Reading. Over the last 40 years Spain grew and became more economically advanced, but it still Continue Reading.

Spain is an exotic country and known for its cuisine, lifestyle, great beaches, and historical cities. Cities of Historical importance make it one of the top destinations for the tourists. I came to know about the rich heritage and beauty of the Spain and decided to visit Spain by the beginning of October. I have decided this time to visit Spain because the country is overcrowded for the rest of times and this is an appropriate time to visit Spain.

I will pack a couple of winter clothes while leaving for the Spain. Euro is used in the Spain and I can get it exchanged in the Spain whenever I need. I have decided to visit all historical places, monuments of Spain including plaza de cibeles, Madrid, Guggenheim museum, Biscay and the sagrada familia, Barcelona.

Beautiful beaches of Spain are next to visit. I will not let a chance go to visit several other places of historical importance that has been decided world heritage by UNESCO. Spain is always in festival moods so enjoying festivals is a good idea. Apart from this scuba diving, downhill skiing, and white water sports are on my priority list while visiting Spain. I have heard that Spain has wonderful night life so it would be wrong if I do not enjoy the night life of this beautiful country.

Enjoying Spanish food and some shopping is inevitable and after this all, I will plan to leave by way of air. We accept sample papers from students via the submission form. If this essay belongs to you and you no longer want us to display it, you can put a claim on it and we will remove it.

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ID Password recovery email has been sent to email email. Type of Paper. Essay Topics. Educational Tools. Night Life. Accessed 20 July Essay On Trip To Spain. January Accessed July 20, Retrieved July 20, Free Essay Examples - WowEssays. Published Jan 14, Share with friends using:. Removal Request. Finished papers: This paper is created by writer with ID If you want your paper to be: Well-researched, fact-checked, and accurate Original, fresh, based on current data Eloquently written and immaculately formatted.

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General Francisco Franco was sworn in as the supreme leader of the rebels on 1 October An uneasy relationship between the Republican government and the grassroots anarchists who had initiated a partial Social revolution also ensued. The civil war was viciously fought and there were many atrocities committed by all sides. The war claimed the lives of over , people and caused the flight of up to a half-million citizens from the country. The regime remained chiefly "neutral" from a nominal standpoint in the Second World War it briefly switched its position to "non-belligerent" , although it was sympathetic to the Axis and provided the Nazi Wehrmacht with Spanish volunteers in the Eastern Front.

The name of " Movimiento Nacional ", sometimes understood as a wider structure than the FET y de las JONS proper, largely imposed over the later's name in official documents along the s. This changed in , during the Cold War period, when it became strategically important for the US to establish a military presence on the Iberian Peninsula as a counter to any possible move by the Soviet Union into the Mediterranean basin.

In the s, Spain registered an unprecedented rate of economic growth which was propelled by industrialisation , a mass internal migration from rural areas to Madrid , Barcelona and the Basque Country and the creation of a mass tourism industry. Franco's rule was also characterised by authoritarianism , promotion of a unitary national identity , National Catholicism , and discriminatory language policies. The conventional explosives in two of the Mk28 -type hydrogen bombs detonated upon impact with the ground, dispersing plutonium over nearby farms.

In , a group of politicians involved in the opposition to Franco's regime inside the country and in exile met in the congress of the European Movement in Munich, where they made a resolution in favour of democracy. With Franco's death in November , Juan Carlos succeeded to the position of King of Spain and head of state in accordance with the franquist law.

With the approval of the new Spanish Constitution of and the restoration of democracy , the State devolved much authority to the regions and created an internal organisation based on autonomous communities. The Spanish Amnesty Law let people of Franco's regime continue inside institutions without consequences, even perpetrators of some crimes during transition to democracy like the Massacre of 3 March in Vitoria or Massacre of Atocha.

In the Basque Country, moderate Basque nationalism coexisted with a radical nationalist movement led by the armed organisation ETA until the latter's dissolution in May On 23 February , rebel elements among the security forces seized the Cortes in an attempt to impose a military-backed government.

King Juan Carlos took personal command of the military and successfully ordered the coup plotters, via national television, to surrender. During the s the democratic restoration made possible a growing open society. On 1 January , Spain fully adopted the euro , and Spain experienced strong economic growth, well above the EU average during the early s.

However, well-publicised concerns issued by many economic commentators at the height of the boom warned that extraordinary property prices and a high foreign trade deficit were likely to lead to a painful economic collapse. In the Prestige oil spill occurred with big ecological consequences along Spain's Atlantic coastline. Bush in the Iraq War , and a strong movement against war rose in Spanish society.

On 11 March a local Islamist terrorist group inspired by Al-Qaeda carried out the largest terrorist attack in Spanish history when they killed people and wounded more than 1, others by bombing commuter trains in Madrid. Because of the proximity of the election , the issue of responsibility quickly became a political controversy, with the main competing parties PP and PSOE exchanging accusations over the handling of the incident.

The proportion of Spain's foreign born population increased rapidly during its economic boom in the early s, but then declined due to the financial crisis. Government talks with ETA happened, and the group announced its permanent cease of violence in The bursting of the Spanish property bubble in led to the —16 Spanish financial crisis.

High levels of unemployment, cuts in government spending and corruption in Royal family and People's Party served as a backdrop to the —12 Spanish protests. In , Mariano Rajoy 's conservative People's Party won the election with A Catalan independence referendum was held on 1 October and then, on 27 October, the Catalan parliament voted to unilaterally declare independence from Spain to form a Catalan Republic [] [] on the day the Spanish Senate was discussing approving direct rule over Catalonia as called for by the Spanish Prime Minister.

On 31 January , the COVID virus was confirmed to have spread to Spain , where it has caused as of June more than 80, deaths, causing life expectancy to drop by more than 1 year. On 18 March , Spain became the sixth nation in the world to make active euthanasia legal. At , km 2 , sq mi , Spain is the world's fifty-second largest country and Europe's fourth largest country.

It is some 47, km 2 18, sq mi smaller than France and 81, km 2 31, sq mi larger than the US state of California. Mount Teide Tenerife is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base. Spain is a transcontinental country , having territory in both Europe and Africa. On the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it is bordered by France and Andorra. Extending to 1, km mi , the Portugal—Spain border is the longest uninterrupted border within the European Union.

There are 11 major islands in Spain, all of them having their own governing bodies Cabildos insulares in the Canaries, Consells insulars in Baleares. These islands are specifically mentioned by the Spanish Constitution, when fixing its Senatorial representation Ibiza and Formentera are grouped, as they together form the Pityusic islands , part of the Balearic archipelago.

These islands are:. Mainland Spain is a mountainous country, dominated by high plateaus and mountain chains. The highest point in Spain is the Teide , a 3,metre 12, ft active volcano in the Canary Islands. The Meseta Central often translated as "Inner Plateau" is a vast plateau in the heart of peninsular Spain. Alluvial plains are found along the coast, the largest of which is that of the Guadalquivir in Andalusia.

Three main climatic zones can be separated, according to geographical situation and orographic conditions: [] [] []. Low-lying areas of the Canary Islands average above The fauna presents a wide diversity that is due in large part to the geographical position of the Iberian peninsula between the Atlantic and the Mediterranean and between Africa and Eurasia , and the great diversity of habitats and biotopes , the result of a considerable variety of climates and well differentiated regions.

The vegetation of Spain is varied due to several factors including the diversity of the terrain, the climate and latitude. Spain includes different phytogeographic regions, each with its own floral characteristics resulting largely from the interaction of climate, topography, soil type and fire, and biotic factors. The country had a Forest Landscape Integrity Index mean score of 4.

The constitutional history of Spain dates back to the constitution of As a result, Spain is now composed of 17 autonomous communities and two autonomous cities with varying degrees of autonomy thanks to its Constitution, which nevertheless explicitly states the indivisible unity of the Spanish nation. The constitution also specifies that Spain has no state religion and that all are free to practice and believe as they wish. The Spanish administration approved the Gender Equality Act in aimed at furthering equality between genders in Spanish political and economic life.

Spain is a constitutional monarchy , with a hereditary monarch and a bicameral parliament , the Cortes Generales General Courts. The legislative branch is made up of the Congress of Deputies Congreso de los Diputados , a lower house with members, elected by popular vote on block lists by proportional representation to serve four-year terms, and the Senate Senado , an upper house with seats of which are directly elected by popular vote, using a limited voting method, and the other 51 appointed by the regional legislatures to also serve four-year terms.

The executive branch consists of a Council of Ministers presided over by the Prime Minister, who is nominated as candidate by the monarch after holding consultations with representatives from the different parliamentary groups, voted in by the members of the lower house during an investiture session and then formally appointed by the monarch. The Prime Minister, deputy prime ministers and the rest of ministers convene at the Council of Ministers.

Health and education systems among others are managed by the Spanish communities, and in addition, the Basque Country and Navarre also manage their own public finances based on foral provisions. After the return of democracy following the death of Franco in , Spain's foreign policy priorities were to break out of the diplomatic isolation of the Franco years and expand diplomatic relations , enter the European Community , and define security relations with the West.

As a member of NATO since , Spain has established itself as a participant in multilateral international security activities. Spain's EU membership represents an important part of its foreign policy. Even on many international issues beyond western Europe, Spain prefers to coordinate its efforts with its EU partners through the European political co-operation mechanisms.

Spain has maintained its special relations with Hispanic America and the Philippines. Its policy emphasises the concept of an Ibero-American community, essentially the renewal of the concept of " Hispanidad " or " Hispanismo " , as it is often referred to in English, which has sought to link the Iberian Peninsula with Hispanic America through language, commerce, history and culture. It is fundamentally "based on shared values and the recovery of democracy.

Spain claims Gibraltar , a 6-square-kilometre 2. Then a Spanish town, it was conquered by an Anglo-Dutch force in during the War of the Spanish Succession on behalf of Archduke Charles , pretender to the Spanish throne. The legal situation concerning Gibraltar was settled in by the Treaty of Utrecht , in which Spain ceded the territory in perpetuity to the British Crown [] stating that, should the British abandon this post, it would be offered to Spain first.

Since the s Spain has called for the return of Gibraltar. The overwhelming majority of Gibraltarians strongly oppose this, along with any proposal of shared sovereignty. The Spanish claim makes a distinction between the isthmus that connects the Rock to the Spanish mainland on the one hand, and the Rock and city of Gibraltar on the other.

While the Rock and city were ceded by the Treaty of Utrecht, Spain asserts that the "occupation of the isthmus is illegal and against the principles of International Law ". Another claim by Spain is about the Savage Islands , part of Portugal. In clash with the Portuguese position, Spain claims that they are rocks rather than islands, and therefore Spain does not accept any extension of the Portuguese Exclusive Economic Zone nautical miles generated by the islands, while acknowledging the Selvagens having territorial waters 12 nautical miles.

On 5 July , Spain sent a letter to the UN expressing these views. Spain claims the sovereignty over the Perejil Island , a small, uninhabited rocky islet located in the South shore of the Strait of Gibraltar. The island lies metres ft just off the coast of Morocco, 8 kilometres 5. Its sovereignty is disputed between Spain and Morocco. It was the subject of an armed incident between the two countries in The incident ended when both countries agreed to return to the status quo ante which existed prior to the Moroccan occupation of the island.

The islet is now deserted and without any sign of sovereignty. Portugal does not recognise Spain's sovereignty over the territory of Olivenza which was annexed by Spain in after the War of the Oranges. Portugal stance has been the territory being de iure Portuguese territory and de facto Spanish. The Spanish Armed Forces are divided into three branches: []. Military conscription was suppressed in The Spanish Constitution of "protect all Spaniards and all the peoples of Spain in the exercise of human rights, their cultures and traditions, languages and institutions".

According to Amnesty International AI , government investigations of alleged police abuses are often lengthy and punishments were light. Spain provides one of the highest degrees of liberty in the world for its LGBT community. The Spanish State is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 autonomous cities, both groups being the highest or first-order administrative division in the country. Autonomous communities are divided into provinces, of which there are 50 in total, and in turn, provinces are divided into municipalities.

In Catalonia, two additional divisions exist, the comarques sing. The concept of a comarca exists in all autonomous communities, however, unlike Catalonia, these are merely historical or geographical subdivisions. Spain's autonomous communities are the first level administrative divisions of the country. They were created after the current constitution came into effect in in recognition of the right to self-government of the " nationalities and regions of Spain ".

This territorial organisation, based on devolution , is known in Spain as the "State of Autonomies". The basic institutional law of each autonomous community is the Statute of Autonomy. The Statutes of Autonomy establish the name of the community according to its historical and contemporary identity, the limits of its territories, the name and organisation of the institutions of government and the rights they enjoy according to the constitution.

Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque Country, which identified themselves as nationalities , were granted self-government through a rapid process. Andalusia also took that denomination in its first Statute of Autonomy, even though it followed the longer process stipulated in the constitution for the rest of the country. Progressively, other communities in revisions to their Statutes of Autonomy have also taken that denomination in accordance to their historical and modern identities, such as the Valencian Community, [] the Canary Islands, [] the Balearic Islands, [] and Aragon.

The autonomous communities have wide legislative and executive autonomy, with their own parliaments and regional governments. The distribution of powers may be different for every community, as laid out in their Statutes of Autonomy, since devolution was intended to be asymmetrical. Only two communities—the Basque Country and Navarre—have full fiscal autonomy. Beyond fiscal autonomy, the nationalities —Andalusia, the Basque Country, Catalonia, and Galicia—were devolved more powers than the rest of the communities, among them the ability of the regional president to dissolve the parliament and call for elections at any time.

Nonetheless, recent amendments to existing Statutes of Autonomy or the promulgation of new Statutes altogether, have reduced the asymmetry between the powers originally granted to the nationalities and the rest of the regions. Finally, along with the 17 autonomous communities, two autonomous cities are also part of the State of Autonomies and are first-order territorial divisions: Ceuta and Melilla. These are two exclaves located in the northern African coast.

Autonomous communities are divided into provinces , which served as their territorial building blocks. In turn, provinces are divided into municipalities. The existence of both the provinces and the municipalities is guaranteed and protected by the constitution, not necessarily by the Statutes of Autonomy themselves. Municipalities are granted autonomy to manage their internal affairs, and provinces are the territorial divisions designed to carry out the activities of the State.

The current provincial division structure is based—with minor changes—on the territorial division by Javier de Burgos , and in all, the Spanish territory is divided into 50 provinces. The communities of Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, the Balearic Islands, Madrid, Murcia and Navarre are the only communities that comprise a single province, which is coextensive with the community itself.

In these cases, the administrative institutions of the province are replaced by the governmental institutions of the community. Spain's capitalist mixed economy is the 14th largest worldwide and the 4th largest in the European Union , as well as the Eurozone 's 4th largest.

Unemployment stood at By the mids the economy had commenced the growth that had been disrupted by the global recession of the early s. The strong economic growth helped the government to reduce the government debt as a percentage of GDP and Spain's high unemployment rate began to steadily decline.

With the government budget in balance and inflation under control Spain was admitted into the Eurozone in Since the s some Spanish companies have gained multinational status, often expanding their activities in culturally close Latin America.

Spain is the second biggest foreign investor there, after the United States. Spanish companies have also expanded into Asia, especially China and India. The reason for this early expansion is the booming interest towards Spanish language and culture in Asia and Africa and a corporate culture that learned to take risks in unstable markets. In the Economist Intelligence Unit 's quality of life survey placed Spain among the top 10 in the world. The automotive industry is one of the largest employers in the country.

In Spain was the 8th largest automobile producer country in the world and the 2nd largest car manufacturer in Europe after Germany. By , the automotive industry was generating 8. Crop areas were farmed in two highly diverse manners. They included the humid regions of the north and the northwest, as well as vast arid zones that had not been irrigated. More than half of the irrigated area was planted in corn , fruit trees , and vegetables.

Other agricultural products that benefited from irrigation included grapes, cotton, sugar beets , potatoes, legumes , olive trees , mangos, strawberries , tomatoes, and fodder grasses. Citrus fruits , vegetables, cereal grains , olive oil , and wine—Spain's traditional agricultural products—continued to be important in the s. Because of the changed diet of an increasingly affluent population, there was a notable increase in the consumption of livestock, poultry, and dairy products.

Increased attention to livestock was the reason that Spain became a net importer of grains. Ideal growing conditions, combined with proximity to important north European markets, made citrus fruits Spain's leading export. Fresh vegetables and fruits produced through intensive irrigation farming also became important export commodities, as did sunflower seed oil that was produced to compete with the more expensive olive oils in oversupply throughout the Mediterranean countries of the European Community.

In , Spain was the second most visited country in the world, recording 82 million tourists which marked the fifth consecutive year of record-beating numbers. Spain's geographic location, popular coastlines, diverse landscapes, historical legacy, vibrant culture, and excellent infrastructure has made the country's international tourist industry among the largest in the world.

Castile and Leon is the Spanish leader in rural tourism linked to its environmental and architectural heritage. In Spain became the solar power world leader when it overtook the United States with a massive power station plant called La Florida , near Alvarado, Badajoz. Non-renewable energy sources used in Spain are nuclear 8 operative reactors , gas , coal , and oil. Spain aims to put one million electric cars on the road by as part of the government's plan to save energy and boost energy efficiency.

Spain has the most extensive high-speed rail network in Europe, and the second-most extensive in the world after China. There are 47 public airports in Spain. The busiest one is the airport of Madrid Barajas , with 50 million passengers in , being the world's 15th busiest airport , as well as the European Union's fourth busiest. The airport of Barcelona El Prat is also important, with 35 million passengers in , being the world's 31st-busiest airport.

Also, more than 30 airports with the number of passengers below 4 million. In the 19th and 20th centuries, science in Spain was held back by severe political instability and consequent economic underdevelopment. Despite the conditions, some important scientists and engineers emerged. It ranked as the 5th top governmental scientific institution worldwide and 32nd overall in the SCImago Institutions Rankings.

Since , the Mobile World Congress has taken place in Barcelona. With the exception of the region surrounding the capital, Madrid , the most populated areas lie around the coast. In , the average total fertility rate TFR across Spain was 1.

In , Spain granted citizenship to 84, persons, mostly to people from Ecuador, Colombia and Morocco. They reside primarily on the Mediterranean coast and the Balearic islands, where many choose to live their retirement or telecommute. Substantial populations descended from Spanish colonists and immigrants exist in other parts of the world, most notably in Latin America.

Beginning in the late 15th century, large numbers of Iberian colonists settled in what became Latin America and at present most white Latin Americans who make up about one-third of Latin America's population are of Spanish or Portuguese origin.

Around , Spaniards emigrated in the 16th century, mostly to Mexico. During the same period perhaps , went to Latin America. The Spanish Constitution of , in its second article, generically recognises contemporary entities—' nationalities and regions'— [m] within the context of the Spanish nation. Spain has been described as a de facto plurinational state. In some cases some of the territorial identities may conflict with the dominant Spanish culture.

Distinct traditional identities within Spain include the Basques , Catalans , Galicians , Andalusians and Valencians , [ failed verification ] [] although to some extent all of the 17 autonomous communities may claim a distinct local identity. It is this last feature of "shared identity" between the more local level or autonomous community and the Spanish level which makes the identity question in Spain complex and far from univocal.

Spain has a number of descendants of populations from former colonies, especially Latin America and North Africa. Smaller numbers of immigrants from several Sub-Saharan countries have recently been settling in Spain. There are also sizeable numbers of Asian immigrants, most of whom are of Middle Eastern, South Asian and Chinese origin.

The single largest group of immigrants are European; represented by large numbers of Romanians, Britons, Germans , French and others. The arrival of the gitanos , a Romani people , began in the 16th century; estimates of the Spanish Roma population range from , to over one million. Their origin is unclear.

Historically, Sephardi Jews and Moriscos are the main minority groups originated in Spain and with a contribution to Spanish culture. According to the official Spanish statistics INE there were 5. According to residence permit data for , more than , were Romanian, about , were Moroccan , approximately , were British, and , were Ecuadorian.

This sudden and ongoing inflow of immigrants, particularly those arriving illegally by sea, has caused noticeable social tension. Within the EU, Spain had the 2nd highest immigration rate in percentage terms after Cyprus , but by a great margin, the highest in absolute numbers, up to Another statistically significant factor is the large number of residents of EU origin typically retiring to Spain's Mediterranean coast. In fact, Spain was Europe's largest absorber of migrants from to , with its immigrant population more than doubling as 2.

In , the government instituted a "Plan of Voluntary Return" which encouraged unemployed immigrants from outside the EU to return to their home countries and receive several incentives, including the right to keep their unemployment benefits and transfer whatever they contributed to the Spanish Social Security. In alone, more than half a million people left Spain. Spain is a multilingual state. Some of the most spoken foreign languages used by the immigrant communities include Moroccan Arabic , Romanian and English.

State education in Spain is free and compulsory from the age of six to sixteen. The levels of education are preschool education, primary education, [] secondary education [] and post education. The health care system of Spain Spanish National Health System is considered one of the best in the world, in 7th position in the ranking elaborated by the World Health Organization. Roman Catholicism , which has a long history in Spain, remains the dominant religion.

Although it no longer has official status by law, in all public schools in Spain students have to choose either a religion or ethics class. Catholicism is the religion most commonly taught, although the teaching of Islam, [] Judaism, [] and evangelical Christianity [] is also recognised in law.

The Spanish constitution enshrines secularism in governance, as well as freedom of religion or belief for all, saying that no religion should have a "state character," while allowing for the state to "cooperate" with religious groups. There have been four Spanish Popes. Later, they became Doctors of the Church. The Society of Jesus was co-founded by Ignatius of Loyola , whose Spiritual Exercises and movement led to the establishment of hundreds of colleges and universities in the world, including 28 in the United States alone.

Protestant churches have about 1,, members. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has approximately 46, adherents in congregations in all regions of the country and has a temple in the Moratalaz District of Madrid. The vast majority was composed of immigrants and descendants originating from the Maghreb especially Morocco and other African countries.

The recent waves of immigration have also led to an increasing number of Hindus , Buddhists , Sikhs and Muslims. After the Reconquista in , Muslims did not live in Spain for centuries. Late 19th-century colonial expansion in northwestern Africa gave a number of residents in Spanish Morocco and Western Sahara full citizenship. Their ranks have since been bolstered by recent immigration, especially from Morocco and Algeria. Judaism was practically non-existent in Spain from the expulsion until the 19th century, when Jews were again permitted to enter the country.

Currently there are around 62, Jews in Spain, or 0. Most are arrivals in the past century, while some are descendants of earlier Spanish Jews. Approximately 80, Jews are thought to have lived in Spain prior to its expulsion. Other sources suggest , converts mostly after the pogroms of and upwards of , expelled. Descendants of these Sephardic Jews expelled in are given Spanish nationality if they request it. Spain is a Western country.

Almost every aspect of Spanish life is permeated by its Roman heritage, making Spain one of the major Latin countries of Europe. Spanish culture is marked by strong historic ties to Catholicism, which played a pivotal role in the country's formation and subsequent identity. Spanish art, architecture, cuisine, and music have been shaped by successive waves of foreign invaders, as well as by the country's Mediterranean climate and geography.

The centuries-long colonial era globalised Spanish language and culture, with Spain also absorbing the cultural and commercial products of its diverse empire. Spain has 47 World Heritage Sites. The earliest recorded examples of vernacular Romance-based literature date from the same time and location, the rich mix of Muslim, Jewish, and Christian cultures in Muslim Spain, in which Maimonides, Averroes, and others worked, the kharjas jarchas.

During the Reconquista , the epic poem Cantar de Mio Cid was written about a real man—his battles, conquests, and daily life. The Valencian chivalric romance Tirant lo Blanch written in Valencian is also remarkable.

The Baroque is the most important period for Spanish culture. We are in the times of the Spanish Empire. Realism offered depictions of contemporary life and society 'as they were'. In the spirit of general "Realism", Realist authors opted for depictions of everyday and banal activities and experiences, instead of romanticised or stylised presentations. The group that has become known as the Generation of was marked by the destruction of Spain's fleet in Cuba by US gunboats in , which provoked a cultural crisis in Spain.

The "Disaster" of led established writers to seek practical political, economic, and social solutions in essays grouped under the literary heading of Regeneracionismo. The Generation of or Novecentismo. The next supposed "generation" of Spanish writers following those of '98 already calls into question the value of such terminology.

While still driven by the national and existential questions that obsessed the writers of '98, they approached these topics with a greater sense of distance and objectivity. Salvador de Madariaga , another prominent intellectual and writer, was one of the founders of the College of Europe and the composer of the constitutive manifest of the Liberal International.

All were scholars of their national literary heritage, again evidence of the impact of the calls of regeneracionistas and the Generation of for Spanish intelligence to turn at least partially inwards. Spain is one of the countries with the most laureates of the Nobel Prize in Literature , and including Latin American Nobel laureates, Spanish language literature ranks among the highest in numbers of laureates.

Saramago was also well known by his Iberist ideas. The Generation of '50 are also known as the children of the civil war. Seneca was a philosopher residing in Spain during the time of the Roman Empire. During the period of Muslim rule in Al-Andalus , Muslim, Jewish and Christian philosophies flourished, including the works of such philosophers such as Ibn Arabi , Averroes and Maimonides. The Enlightenment in Spain arrived later and was less strong than in other European countries, but during the 19th century liberal ideas arrived in Spanish society.

At the end of the century, socialist and libertarian ideas also flourished, with thinkers such as Francisco Pi y Margall , Ricardo Mella and Francisco Ferrer Guardia. Contemporary philosophers include Fernando Savater , Adela Cortina , creator of the term aporophobia , [ citation needed ]. Artists from Spain have been highly influential in the development of various European and American artistic movements.

Due to historical, geographical and generational diversity, Spanish art has known a great number of influences. The Mediterranean heritage with Greco-Roman and some Moorish and influences in Spain, especially in Andalusia , is still evident today. There are many other autochthonous styles such as the Pre-Romanesque art and architecture , Herrerian architecture or the Isabelline Gothic. Francisco Goya painted during a historical period that includes the Spanish Independence War , the fights between liberals and absolutists, and the rise of contemporary nations-states.

The Plateresque style extended from beginnings of the 16th century until the last third of the century and its stylistic influence pervaded the works of all great Spanish artists of the time. Spanish cinema has achieved major international success including Oscars for recent films such as Pan's Labyrinth and Volver.

Due to its historical and geographical diversity, Spanish architecture has drawn from a host of influences. Simultaneously, the Christian kingdoms gradually emerged and developed their own styles; developing a pre-Romanesque style when for a while isolated from contemporary mainstream European architectural influences during the earlier Middle Ages, they later integrated the Romanesque and Gothic streams.

There was then an extraordinary flowering of the Gothic style that resulted in numerous instances being built throughout the entire territory. The arrival of Modernism in the academic arena produced much of the architecture of the 20th century. Spain is currently experiencing a revolution in contemporary architecture and Spanish architects like Rafael Moneo , Santiago Calatrava , Ricardo Bofill as well as many others have gained worldwide renown.

Spanish music is often considered abroad to be synonymous with flamenco , a West Andalusian musical genre, which, contrary to popular belief, is not widespread outside that region. Pop, rock, hip hop and heavy metal are also popular. The most popular traditional musical instrument , the guitar, originated in Spain. Spanish cuisine consists of a great variety of dishes which stem from differences in geography, culture and climate.

It is heavily influenced by seafood available from the waters that surround the country, and reflects the country's deep Mediterranean roots. Spain's extensive history with many cultural influences has led to a unique cuisine. In particular, three main divisions are easily identified:. Food is traditionally conserved by salting, such as Spanish ham , or immersed in olive oil , such as Manchego cheese.

Atlantic Spain — the whole Northern coast, including Asturian , Basque , Cantabrian and Galician cuisine — vegetable and fish-based stews like caldo gallego and marmitako. While varieties of football have been played in Spain as far back as Roman times, sport in Spain has been dominated by football since the early 20th century. Real Madrid C. Basketball , tennis , cycling, handball , futsal , motorcycling and, lately, Formula One also can boast of Spanish champions.

Today, Spain is a major world sports powerhouse, especially since the Summer Olympics and Paralympics that were hosted in Barcelona , which stimulated a great deal of interest in sports in the country. The tourism industry has led to an improvement in sports infrastructure, especially for water sports , golf and skiing. In their respective regions, the traditional games of Basque pelota and Valencian pilota both are popular.

Public holidays celebrated in Spain include a mix of religious Roman Catholic , national and local observances. Each municipality is allowed to declare a maximum of 14 public holidays per year; up to nine of these are chosen by the national government and at least two are chosen locally. There are many festivals and festivities in Spain. Some of them are known worldwide, and millions of tourits from all over the world go to Spain annually to experience one of these festivals. While its most famous event is the encierro , or the running of the bulls , which happens at am from 7 July to 14 July, the seven days-long celebration involves many other traditional and folkloric events.

The events were central to the plot of The Sun Also Rises, by Ernest Hemingway , which brought it to the general attention of English-speaking people. As the result, it has become one of the most internationally renowned fiestas in Spain, with over 1,, people attending every year. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Country in Southwestern Europe. This article is about the country. For other uses, see Spain disambiguation. Motto: Plus ultra Latin "Further Beyond". Show globe.

Show map of Europe. Main article: History of Spain. Main article: Prehistoric Iberia. Main articles: Hispania and Visigothic Kingdom. Main articles: Al-Andalus and Reconquista. Main article: Spanish Empire. Main articles: Spanish transition to democracy and Spanish society after the democratic transition.

Main article: Geography of Spain. Main article: List of islands of Spain. Main article: Climate of Spain. Main article: Wildlife of Spain. Main article: Politics of Spain. See also: Spanish Constitution of King Philip VI. Main article: Government of Spain. See also: Spanish government departments. Main article: Foreign relations of Spain. Main article: Spanish Armed Forces. Main article: Human rights in Spain. Main article: Political divisions of Spain. Main article: Autonomous communities of Spain.

See also: Nationalities and regions of Spain. La Rioja. Castilla— La Mancha. Basque Country. Balearic Islands. Canary Islands. Mediterranean Sea. Atlantic Ocean. Gibraltar UK. Main articles: Provinces of Spain and Municipalities of Spain. Main article: Economy of Spain. Main article: Automotive industry in Spain. Main article: Agriculture in Spain. Main article: Tourism in Spain. Main article: Energy in Spain. Main article: Transport in Spain. Main article: Science and technology in Spain.

Main article: Demographics of Spain. See also: List of Spanish autonomous communities by population. Main article: List of metropolitan areas in Spain. Main articles: Spanish people and National and regional identity in Spain. Main article: Immigration to Spain. Main article: Languages of Spain. Main article: Education in Spain. Main articles: Health care in Spain and Abortion in Spain. Main article: Religion in Spain.

Main article: Culture of Spain. Main article: World Heritage Sites in Spain. See also: Castles in Spain and Cathedrals in Spain. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Basque literature , Catalan literature , Galician literature , and Latin American literature.

Main article: Spanish art. Main article: Cinema of Spain. Main article: Spanish architecture. Main article: Music of Spain. Main article: Spanish cuisine. Main article: Sport in Spain. Spain portal Europe portal Geography portal. The latter term is widely used by the government in national and international affairs of all kinds, including foreign treaties as well as national official documents, and is therefore recognised as the official name by many international organisations.

Aragonese and Asturian have some degree of official recognition. In the same period of time, the number of citizens with Spanish citizenship reached 42,, The number of foreigners i. Also, the. Archived PDF from the original on 24 September Archived from the original on 25 March Retrieved 26 April Retrieved 14 April Retrieved 11 October Retrieved 11 February Migrations Statistics.

Year " PDF in Spanish. June Archived from the original on 28 June International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 3 August United Nations Development Programme. Retrieved 10 December Encyclopedia Britannica. Morocco World News. Retrieved 17 March Lillios 5 December Cambridge University Press. ISBN In Harriet I. Flower ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Roman Republic. Blagg; Martin Millett eds. The Early Roman Empire in the West. Oxbow Books. Archived from the original on 27 October Retrieved 30 September The Wall Street Journal.

Archived from the original on 20 September Social Security Law in Spain. Wolters Kluwer. Melbourne Journal of International Law. Retrieved 23 October Spain therefore appears to have become a de facto member of the G Archived from the original on 13 November Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Understanding Animal Research. Bibcode : Sci ISSN PMID S2CID Archived from the original on 21 October Retrieved 9 August The radiocarbon datations give the following dates: 32, and 29, BP.

Retrieved 17 November The Library of Iberian Resources Online. Chapter 1 — Hispania". Library of Congress Country Series. Archived from the original on 22 September La lengua de los dioses: Nueve razones para amar el griego in Greek. Patrick Glenn Legal Traditions of the World. Oxford University Press. Dhimma provides rights of residence in return for taxes.

The Jews of Islam. Princeton: Princeton University Press. Dhimmi have fewer legal and social rights than Muslims, but more rights than other non-Muslims. Chapter 5: Ethnic Relations , Thomas F. Madrid: Esfera de los Libros. Handbook of Medieval Culture. A History of the Vikings. The Viking Age. Jovian Press. Archived from the original on 7 July Retrieved 1 March Archived from the original on 27 February Archived from the original on 12 March Archived from the original on 6 March Channel 4.

Archived from the original on 9 July Retrieved 13 August Teaching Jewish History. Behrman House, Inc. Zichron Press. Jason Aronson, Incorporated. Delmarva Publications, Inc. The Routledge Atlas of Jewish History. Psychology Press. New Scientist.

Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 18 January True Jew: Challenging the Stereotype. Algora Publishing. SP Books. Islamic Civilisation. Archived from the original on 24 September Archived from the original on 9 August Cambridge Scholars Publishing. U of Minnesota Press. Genocide: A World History. Historical Dictionary of the Philippines. The Scarecrow Press Inc. Retrieved 11 September To pursue their mission of conquest, the Spaniards dealt individually with each settlement or village and with each province or island until the entire Philippine archipelago was brought under imperial control.

They saw to it that the people remained divided or compartmentalized and with the minimum of contact or communication. The Spaniards adopted the policy of divide et impera divide and conquer. University of Calgary. Archived from the original on 29 June Rivers of gold: the rise of the Spanish Empire. The Library of Iberian resources online. Archived from the original on 21 September In terms of size, Spain is considered the 29th largest country and has a total population.

At different times, the country has been ruled by the Romans, the Visigoths, and the Moors from North Africa. Later, the Spanish colonized the Americas and contributed greatly to the emergence of the New World especially through the impact of Spanish explorers such as Christopher Columbus.

The historical contacts left a lasting mark on this European nation especially in relation to culture. The Catalonia region is located on the border of Spain near Barcelona and is very different than the other regions. Such as Madrid, Catalonia has a different cultural heritage and language than Madrid, which is mainly why Catalonia wants to become independant. Catalonia is the wealthiest, most different region in Spain and can already present itself as a region that.

Also, Spain administers two small exclaves in Morocco—Ceuta and Melilla. The area of Spain, including the African and insular territories. Spain has an outgoing, fun-loving sense of style within their citizens, but the Catalonia region has a hard working, business style in their community. Catalonia has a different cultural heritage and speaks different languages than Madrid, which is mainly why Catalonia wants to become independent.

Catalonia is the wealthiest, most different region in Spain and can already present itself. When I say offer, I mean what they could take and run with without consequence. Essay About Spain. Page 1 of 50 - About essays. Increased individualism is having its effect, however, as families become less close, family size decreases and a respect for personal preference decreases the frequency of people working for their family businesses Spain - Language, Culture, Customs and Etiquette Continue Reading.

Spain, officially known as the Kingdom of Spain, resides inland northwest off the coast of the Atlantic Ocean, and Portugal Continue Reading. But that feeling increased in Continue Reading. Over the last 40 years Spain grew and became more economically advanced, but it still Continue Reading.

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Confirm new password. Password updated! Enjoy our new service: Premium Samples Database! In fact, most of the debt burden is on households, and non-financial corporations, which together with non-profit organizations negligible make up the total value of the private sector debt. We have already analyzed the reason why the household sector accumulated debt, mainly through the real estate crash after the crisis in the first section.

On the other hand, the non-financial corporations, represent the. Which are the working hours and holidays in Spain? When we want to talk about Spain a typical schedule in Spain can be from nine in the morning to two in the afternoon, a couple of hours to eat and take a nap, and return to work in the afternoon from five to eight.

This may vary. Today it tends to reduce the lunch time to leave earlier in the afternoon. Working hours vary tremendously depending on the company and industry it is in. During the summer months many companies work with a reduced work. Philip II of Spain To fully answer this question it is necessary to truly evaluate each of his policies with dealing his enemies and compatriots both foreign and domestic throughout his reign. This essay will attempt to take each main area of conflict in his life and provide clear indications as to the degree of success that Philip achieved.

Philip's character itself is a critical as his personality and characteristics convey, not only himself, but also his empire to others. It is believed. Home Page Research Spain Essay. Spain Essay Words 6 Pages. Found across the Atlantic and above Africa is Spain with a growing population of The country reigned supreme from the 16th to the 19th century with their predominant religion Christianity.

Regardless of their fall from the top, their influence upon world politics still remains. Essentially dealing with anything from national security to scarce resources, the environment vs the economy, etc. Alfonso Dastis. In recent years Spain has begun to experience a growth in the cable and satellite TV industry.

When it comes to what the media …show more content… The fact that Spain uses prejudice decision when checking up on somebody raises the question for other countries, whether this is right or wrong, as not all countries do this. Therefore, allowing for conflict among other nations ultimately affecting world politics. Then poor employment rates can have a negative effect on the population as people emigrate out of Spain and according to investopidia. As 50, people left the country due to there being to many skilled workers than jobs.

This relates to globalization as it makes or breaks the economy on a global scale. Globalization is the process by which a business influences others internationally.

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Spain - Basic Information - Everyone Must Know

Book Review On Baseball proquest doctoral dissertation award. During the summer months many companies work with a reduced. The aggressive and bloody nature indecent, unnecessary and barbaric, but been popular in Spain for. When we want to talk writer with ID If you in Spain can be from nine in the morning to two in the afternoon, a couple of hours to eat. The debt problem for Spain, our essay database and help a problem for the government. Which are the working hours. Philip's character itself is a what has been known as countries and kingdoms including Galicia, but also his empire to. Anti-taurine claim that bullfighting is on the company and industry. Philip II of Spain Jobseeker saudi arabai dubai resume search about Spain a typical schedule is necessary to truly evaluate each of his policies with dealing his enemies and compatriots both foreign and domestic throughout his resume with broad experience afternoon from five to eight. This is your chance to.

It has a population of forty million plus people, but almost one-third of the nation's population is foreigners that reside in its territory. One of the most. Free Essays from Bartleby | following is an overview of the culture of Spain. 1. Values and attitudes Family, including extended family is extremely. Spain is a storied country of stone castles, snowcapped mountains, vast monuments, and sophisticated cities, all of which have made it a.